Indo-Tibetan Border Police was conceived on October 24, 1962.ITBP was initially raised under the CRPF Act, however in 1992, the parliament enacted the ITBPF Act and rules there under were framed in 1994( you may access same under relevant menu)
The " Himveers" and National security
ITBP is a multi-dimensional force. Presently Battalions of ITBP deployed on Border Guarding Duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 KM of India China Border are manning Border Out Posts at an altitude ranging from 9000’ to 18500’ in the Western, Middle & Eastern Sector of India China Border. ITBP is basically a mountain trained Force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained Mountaineers and Skiers,. They have scaled more than 140 Himalayan peaks including Mt. Everest three times ( Recent successful expedition in May, 2006), besides ITBP batallions are also deployed on CI OPS / IS / VIP security duties at Chamba - Doda border, in VA/Startegic locations and with VIPs in Delhi and VIPs in Srinagar J&K.
The border posts manned by ITBP are exposed to high velocity storms, snow blizzards, avalanches, and landslides, besides the hazards of high altitude and extreme cold, where temperature dips up to minus 40 degree Celsius. ITBP conducts Long Range and Short Range patrols to keep an effective vigil on inaccessible and unmanned areas on the border. To maintain optimum operational efficiency of troops, periodical tactical exercises are conducted independently as well as jointly with Army.
Multifarious facets of the Force
New challenging role that has emerged for ITBP is disaster management. Being the first responder for natural Disaster in Hamalayas, ITBP was the first to establish 06 ( Now 08) Regional Response Centres in HP, Uttaranchal and North East and carried out numerous rescue and relief operations in various disaster situations, which took place in our areas of responsibility as well as other parts of the country. ITBP has already trained 1032 personnel in Disaster Management including 98 personnel in Radiological and Chemical/biological emergencies.
ITBP has established a National Centre for Training in Search, Rescue & Disaster response at Bhanu, Haryana which is imparting training to personnel of ITBP and other Paramilitary / State Police Forces. there is also a training center for the Dogs at Basic Training center situated at Bhanu. The center is known as NICD.
Presently ITBP Commando’s are providing security to Embassy of India Kabul,Consulate General of India, Jalalabad and Khandar in Afghanistan since November, 2002. Besides this 02 Coys of ITBP are providing security to BRO personnel for their Delaram – Zaranj road construction project in Afghanistan since July 2004.
ITBP has also excelled in UN peace keeping operation. The Force personnel have been deployed for peacekeeping operations in Angola, Namibia, Cambodia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Mozambique and Kosovo. Presently 01 coy of ITBP is deployed in United Nation Mission in Congo since November, 2005. A National Centre for UNCIVPOL training has been setup at ITBP Camp, Tigri, New Delhi for providing systematic training to Indian Police Officers for deployment in UN Mission.
ITBP is also providing security to the pilgrims during Annual Kailash Mansarovar Yatra from 1981. ITBP provides communication, security and medical cover to the yatries from Gunji to Lipulekh Pass and back to Gunji in co-ordination with MEA and Kumaon Mandal vikas Nigam.
Functions and Tasks
Functions & Tasks of the force proves as a multi-dimensional force.
1.Vigil on the northern borders,detection and prevention of border violations, and promotion of the sense of security among the local populace.
2.Check illegal immigration , trans-border smuggling and crimes.
3.Security to sentive installations, banks and protected persons.
4.Restore and preserve order in any area in the event of distubance.
In border vigil task ITBP mans forward border posts at altitudes ranging from 9000' to 18000'.Most of the forward posts remain cut off by the surface route during winter months.The border posts are exposed to the fury and violence of the nature like snow blizzards,avalanches,landslides, besides the hazards of high altitude and extreme cold where temperature normally remains below -40 degrees Celcius.
The force ,besides guarding the border , is heavily engage in fighting terrorism in the State of J&K , where it has displayed exemplary nerve and gallantry.
The "Himveers" , as the personnel are affectionately called , also provide security cover to installation and to VIPs in Delhi. Each year ITBP Personnels are deployed to UN Peace Keeping Missions in Kosovo, Angola & Western Sahara and Sierra Leone. Crest of the Force epitomizes the Force motto Shaurya Drindhdta Karamnishta has Ashoka and Chakra on Top with two rifles.It inspires men to put duty before self.
Crest of the Force epitomizes the Force motto Shaurya Drindhdta Karamnishta has Ashoks and Chakra on top with two rifles.It inspires men to put duty before self.
Coronation of ITBP Colours
ITBP Color and flag
Coronation of ITBP Colours at the Presentation Parade.June 20, 1987.Former Prime Minister Sh. Rajiv Gandhi presented color to ITBP.
ITBP Color and flag.
Adventure AND ITBP
Adventure and dare-devilry are the required professional skills for the ITBP and therefore from its ranks come the world class mountaineers who have scaled more than a hundred Himalayan peaks, including the Mount Everest, four times. Its skiers have been national champions, who have done India proud in the winter Olympics. Its river rafters have created international history in rafting through the turbulent white waters of the mighty Brahmaputra, the Indus and the Ganga.
Best Marching Contingent
The Force created a milestone by becoming the first Central Para Military Force to receive honour of winning Best Marching Contingent Trophy in the Republic Day parades in 1998, 1999 and 2004. It broke new ground in 1998 when it sent the first ever police tableau of the country to participate in the Republic Day Parade. Now once again ITBP won Best marching contingent in the Republic Day Parade in 2011 under Shri M.D. Singh Assistant Commandant.
Ecology, Disaster Management and other info
ITBP is in the forefront of movement for the preservation of Himalayan environment & ecology. ITBP has taken up in a big way the task of greening the Himalayan regions especially in Inner Himalayas. Being the only human presence on forward areas, it has taken on itself the task of maintaining the delicate balance of flora and fauna.
ITBP being deployed in mountains has developed the expertise in rescue & relief operations in mountains, which entail different specialized skills of very high standard. It is always first in extending rescue & relief in case of natural calamity. Two recent major rescue & relief operations conducted by ITBP were during the massive land slide at Malpa village in the Kumaon Hills in Aug - Sep '98 and in the major earthquake in Chamoli and Rudraprayag areas of Garhwal in the State of U.P in Mar - Apr '99.
ITBP conducts a large number of medical civic action programmes in remote border and terrorist affected areas to provide free and expert medical, health and hygiene care to the civilian population in remote villages.
It is the only police force in the country, which possesses expertise in policing the most formidable mountains of the Himalayas. The annual pilgrimage to MOUNT KAILAS and HOLY MANSAROVAR LAKE in Tibet (China) is conducted under the wings of ITBP.
The motto of the ITBP "SHAURYA - DRIDATA - KARM NISHTHA" (VALOUR - DETERMINATION - DEVOTION TO DUTY) has always inspired its men in accepting challenges to bring glory to the nation and honour to the force. In the course of active duties, the force has earned a number of Civil and Service honours, and decorations .